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Cavite: The Land of The Brave
June 24, 2020
Located in the south-western area of Metro Manila, Cavite is dubbed as one of the highly industrialized provinces in the Philippines. Although Trece Martires is its de facto capital since it is the seat of the government, Imus is its official capital.
BRIEF PROFILE OF CAVITE
Moniker: Historical Capital of the Philippines, Land of the Brave
Region: CALABARZON (IV-A)
Foundation: March 10, 1614
Land area: 1,426.06 km2 (550.60 sq mi)
Population: 3,678,301 (as of 2015 census)
Divisions: 7 component cities, 16 municipalities, and 829 barangays
Religion: Roman Catholic, Aglipayan Church, Protestanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Islam
Cavite has a significant role in the country’s colonial past, especially in the nation’s fight for independence. It is one of the first few provinces to cradle the Philippine revolution. The most important event that happened here is the Declaration of Philippine Independence on June 12, 1898, in Kawit. Its historical significance spans more than 300 years, earning it the moniker “Historical Capital of the Philippines.”
Cavite is a component of the Greater Manila Area. It is surrounded by other provinces and territories: Laguna to the east, Metro Manila to the northeast, and Batangas to the south. The West Philippine Sea bounds the western part.
Cavite is the second smallest province in Calabarzon (Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal, and Quezon).
The government’s present mantra is Cavite: First Class, World Class.
There are several theories on how Cavite or Cabite came into existence, although the most accepted is the Hispanization of the word kawit. The term comes from kalawit, which is a Tagalog term for “hook.” The place was named as such because of the hook-shaped peninsula of Cavite La Punta and Cavite Viejo, which are now known as Cavite City and Kawit, respectively, based on how they appeared on old Spanish maps.
The term was later corrupted to Cavite.
What is the Capital of Cavite and What Region is Cavite?
Cavite is part of the Southern Tagalog Region or the Region IV-A CALABARZON. The provincial de jure capital is Imus City.
Cavite is originally an agricultural area before it became the ever-progressive province that we know today. One unique feature of the province is the diversity of its topography and slope: lowest lowland, lowland, central hilly, and upland mountainous.
Cavite and Bacoor Cities, Kawit, Noveleta, Rosario, east Ternate, and north Carmona are characterized by a coastal plain. The ground level is 6.6 feet or 0 to 2 meters.
Coastal and alluvial plains characterize Imus, south General Trias, and some parts of Bacoor, Carmona, Kawit, Rosario, Noveleta, and Tanza. The flat grounds have an elevation of 2 to 30 meters or about 6 to 98 feet.
Trece Martires and Dasmariñas cities, General Emilio Aguinaldo, General Mariano Alvarez, west Ternate, north Amadeo, Silang, Indang, Magallanes, and Maragondon have central hilly areas. It means these areas are found on mountain foot, forming a rolling tuffaceous plateau.
Tagaytay City, Alfonso, Mendez, south Amadeo, Silang, Indang, Magallanes, and Maragondon are upland mountainous. These areas are found on the highest elevations at 400 meters or 1,300 feet.
Furthermore, Cavite has forest and disposable and alienable lands. The first one has a role in maintaining the ecological balance with its protected and preserved flora and fauna. The second one is composed of production and other built-up areas. The disposable lands are also dedicated to urban developments.
PAGASA’s Climate Map of the Philippines categorized Cavite’s climate as Type 1 with dry and rainy seasons. The dry season is from November to April, while the rainy season is from May to October.
Cavite’s Köppen Climate Classification, on the other hand, is an Am or tropical monsoon.
The warmest temperatures are recorded from March to April, with 31 to 33°C. Whereas, the coldest temperatures are expected from January to February at 23°C.
Cavite has a total population of 3.67 million people, making it one of the country’s most populated provinces. It is also the second-most densely populated among the provinces.
Cavite has the highest annual population growth rates at 6.47%. Population density is about 2,856 individuals per square kilometer or 10.16 persons per hectare within 998,558 households. Because of the migration of the people due to economic reasons, the population is expected to continue to increase.
Dasmariñas has the highest population with 659,019, while General Emilio Aguinaldo has the lowest with 22,220 people.
The local population started increasing in the 1990s at the height of industrialization. Employment opportunities magnetized the people to Cavite. This circumstance also led to the mushrooming of housing developments. Since heads of the family work there, they strived to relocate their families in the province.
The majority of the population are urban dwellers (90.69%) while the rest reside in the rural and outskirt areas.
While the Caviteños, the local’s demonym, embrace Roman Catholic, Aglipayan Church, Protestanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Islam, a small portion of the residents identify themselves as atheists, agnostics, or irreligious. Nonetheless, Cavite is a highly tolerant province that also welcomes diversity. Non-believers reside peacefully along with the people of faith.
Caviteños speak Tagalog and English, though the major dialect is Chavacano, a Spanish-based creole language. It is widely spoken in Cavite City and Ternate.
Despite extensive industrialization and urbanization, Cavite remains an agricultural province. Agribusinesses still thrive.
Maragondon has the largest agricultural land at about 14.57% of Cavite’s entire agrarian land. Next in line are Silang, Indang, Alfonso, and Naic. Cavite City no longer has any area utilizable for agricultural purposes.
Maragondon, however, has only the third-biggest number of farmers due to the mechanized operation of rice plantations here. Silang has the most number of farmers since it includes those working in coffee and pineapple plantations and cut-flower production. There are about 37,410 farmers in Cavite, which also increases by 6.5% on average.
Speaking of rice plantations, General Trias and Naic are considered as rice-producing municipalities.
The other side of Cavite is the highly industrialized facet. For one, Cavite has 76 economic zones: 35 operating economic zones, 34 development economic zones, and seven proclaimed economic zones. These proclaimed zones include Cavite Eco-Industrial Estate, Fil-Estate Industrial Park, Island Cove Tourism Economic Zone, San Lazaro Leisure & Business Park, SM City Rosario IT Center, SM City Bacoor IT Center, South Forbes Cyber Park.
The biggest of which is found in General Trias called PEC Industrial Park. It has a total of 177 hectares intended for various industries, such as pharmaceuticals, food processing, semiconductors, garments, and textiles.
There are about 805 industrial establishments, 274 of which are found in Rosario. Carmona and Dasmariñas followed with 188 and 128, respectively. There are 19 large enterprises, 31 medium enterprises, 51 small enterprises, and 12,207 micro-enterprises.
Moreover, there are 22 business process outsourcing (BPO) companies in Cavite. They operate in General Trias, Imus, Dasmariñas, Silang, Naic, Carmona, Kawit, and Bacoor.
Yet another dimension of urbanization is the surge of townships. Cavite is rife with mixed-use developments in General Trias, Silang, Trece Martires, Kawit, Tanza, Carmona, Imus, Dasmariñas, Alfonso, and Bacoor.
Commercial and trade activities are highlighted by reliable infrastructure, especially in terms of transportation.
Before open trading occurred in the mid-19th century, it had the Cavite Peninsula as a major stop for ships voyaging from South America. Operations at the peninsula have already been aborted. However, road networks make open trading highly feasible.
Provincial and national roads pass through Cavite. The three main highways are Aguinaldo Highway, Governor’s Drive, and Antero-Soriano Highway. Aguinaldo Highway includes Tagaytay-Nasugbu Highway.
In 2011, CAVITEx (Cavite Expressway) was opened to the public. This effectively lessens the volume of vehicles in Aguinaldo Highway, cutting down the travel time from Baclaran and Pasay to Imus to one hour.
In 2013, the opening of the Kaybiang Tunnel had the same effect. The travel time, from Manila to Cavite and Nasugbu, Batangas, was shortened to just an hour while also helping decongest traffic in the three major highways.
On July 24, 2015, the MCX (Muntinlupa-Cavite Expressway) was opened, reducing travel time from Daang Hari to Alabang Interchange to 45 minutes. MCX also helped decongest traffic in Cavite, Muntinlupa, and Las Piñas.
There is also a ferry company that services travel from Pasay (SM Mall of Asia) to Cavite City.
There are several ongoing and proposed transportation developments in Cavite. These are the Cavite-Laguna (CALAEx) and Cavite-Tagaytay-Batangas expressways (CTBEx), LRT 1 south extension, and LRT line 6 project.
A Php508-billion airport complex at the former Sangley Point is planned. It is a joint venture between the Cavite government and Chinese enterprise investors.
Also called the Land of the Brave, Cavite’s rich history and culture are a source of great pride among the Caviteños.
Like other provinces in the Philippines, Cavite also has its annual festivals and town fiestas as a form of thanksgiving for bountiful harvests and production and honoring certain historical traditions and legacies.
The Kalayaan Festival, which commemorates the heroism of the Caviteños, has the most significant social and cultural importance. Other historical special events are the birthday of General Emilio Aguinaldo held every March 22 and Independence Day every June 12.
Another important event with religious underpinning is the Fiesta de la Reina del Provincia de Cavite, an annual event held every November 2 to 3. The grand celebration honors Cavite’s patroness, Nuestra Señora de la Soledad de Porta Vaga. Her image is found at San Roque Church in Cavite City.
The province celebrates its foundation day every March 10.
Other traditions and celebrations in Cavite are:
- Mardicas, a war dance held in Ternate
- Karakol street dance and fluvial procession in coastal towns
- Sanghiyang, a precolonial ritual for thanksgiving and healing the sick
- Live via Crucis (Kalbaryo ni Hesus) during the Holy Week
- Maytinis, word prayer held in Kawit on the eve of December 24 before the midnight mass starts
Mardicas has an interesting backstory. In the 1600s, Jesuit priests brought Moluccan settlers known as Mardicas. They settled in Cavite, Maragondon, and Ternate.
Tagaytay remains to be Cavite’s top tourist center.
There is more to Cavite, though. For instance, there are numerous historical attractions and sites in Cavite such as below:
- Fort San Felipe (Cavite City)
- Sangley Point (Cavite City)
- Calero Bridge (Noveleta)
- Battle of Alapan Marker and Flag (Imus)
- Tirona Ancestral House (Imus)
- Zapote Bridge (Bacoor)
- Battle of Binakayan Monument (Kawit)
- Tejeros Convention Site (Rosario)
- Aguinaldo Shrine and Museum (Kawit)
Aguinaldo Shrine and Museum is built with a tower and mezzanine. The ground floor is transformed into a museum where historical artifacts are housed. General Emilio Aguinaldo’s tomb is found in the garden behind the main house.
Others are an entire town or island such as Corregidor Island, Trece Martires, and General Trias. For instance, General Trias is the location of the former house of the revolutionary leader, Andres Bonifacio. On the other hand, Corregidor Island is an island fortress where well-preserved cannons, tunnels, and other war structures are found.
Aside from Aguinaldo Shrine and Museum, other museums found in Cavite are Geronimo de Los Reyes Museum (General Trias), Museo De La Salle (Dasmariñas), Philippine Navy Museum (Cavite City), Baldomero Aguinaldo Museum (Kawit), and Cavite City Library Museum (Cavite City).
To glorify the Catholic faith, there are also several old churches in Cavite. Aside from the parish churches of each municipality, the main churches that attract thousands of pilgrims all over the country are Imus Cathedral, San Roque Parish (Cavite City), National Shrine of Our Lady of La Salette (Silang), and St. Anne’s Shrine (Tagaytay City).
Eco-tourist destinations are found in upland areas such as Tagaytay Ridge (Tagaytay), Cabag Cave (Maragondon), Balite Falls (Amadeo), Malibiclibic Falls (Magallanes and General Emilio Aguinaldo), Mt. Palay-Palay National Park (Ternate), Mataas na Gulod National Park (Maragondon), and Sitio Buhay Unclassified Forest (Magallanes).
There are also many vegetables, flowers, fruits, and coffee farms. Restaurants and dining places offer native delicacies, mushroom delicacies, and exotic cuisines. For pasalubong, one can always take home organic vegetables, ornamental plants, and handicrafts. Nevertheless, these are the products unique to Cavite:
- Cafe Amadeo
- Tablea de Alfonso
- Tahong (mussels) chips
- Tinapa (smoked fish)
- Kaong (sugar palm) vinegar
- Bamboo furniture pieces
- Bamboo novelties
- Woven lilies
Besides, there are eight world-class golf courses in Cavite. So golfing is one of the main activities here, particularly near high-end gated communities.
Another everyday activity is mountain climbing. The outdoor activity is well-received by the locals and tourists because of Mount Pico de Loro, located in Maragondon, Ternate, and some parts of Batangas. The mountain is also a part of Mataas na Gulod and Palay-Palay protected areas. It got its name Pico de Loro from how it looks, resembling a parrot’s beak. It offers a 360-degree view of the provinces of Cavite and Batangas once at the summit.
Another famous mountain climbing site is Mt. Marami in Magallanes. It is renowned for its silyang bato (rock chairs) at the summit.
The local government of Cavite categorized its tourism activities as follows.
- Gratchi’s Getaway
- The Orchard Golf & Country Club
- Kampo Trexo, Inc.
- High 5 Paragliding
- Camp Benjamin
- Island Cove Hotel and Leisure Park
- Carmona Racing Circuit
- San Lazaro Leisure Park
- Skyranch Tagaytay
- Caylabne Bay Resort
- Aroma Beach Resort
- Villa Buenaflor Beach Resort
- Villa Excellance Beach Resort
- Water Camp Resort
- Volet’s Hotel & Resort
- Villamar Beach Resort
- Tanza Oasis Hotel & Resort
- Paniman Beach
- Mardicas Dance
- Sanghiyang / Sayaw sa Apoy
- Live Via Crucis
- Karakol Dance
- Residence Inn Zoo
- Tagaytay Picnic Grove
- Kadiwa Park
- Reptiland Adventure
- People’s Park in the Sky
- Paru-paro Festival
- Mardicas Festival
- Regada Festival
- Sorteo Festival
- Naikgikan Festival
- Sumilang Festival
- Kakanindayog Festival
- Pahimis Festival
- Tinapa Festival
- Lohitor Festival
- Sapyaw Festival
- Ester Robina Restaurant
- Island Cove Fishing Village
- Digman’s Special Halo-Halo
- Café Sant’ Antonio
- Golfer’s Lounge
- John Peter Bed and Breakfast
- Concha’s Garden Café
- Tirona’s Grill
- Gemma’s Kitchen and Pasalubong
- Balay Dako
- Lady Christine’s Baby Back Ribs
- Cofftea Zone Restaurant
- Marseilla Cafe
- Café Veranda
- Hidden Tapsihan
- Buon Giorno Café and Bistro
- Pampini Halo Halo Atbp.
- Kubo-Kubo Restaurant
- Morielli’s Inn & Diner
- Samala Kitchen Delights and Restaurant
- Republic of Cavite
- Baek Yuen
- Kainan Sa Balsa
- Bernie’s Kitchenette Restaurant
- Gryn Sushi Bar
- Antonio’s Garden
- C2 Classic Cuisine Inc.
- Island Cove | Sangley Point
- Kreuters German Cuisine
- Bali Seafood Paluto
- Chateau Hestia Bed and Breakfast
- Joaquin's Bed and Breakfast
- Sebo Pacific
- Via Romana Restaurant
- Casa Marcosa Bed and Breakfast
- Taaleña Restaurant
- Crisanta of Tagaytay Inn & Restaurant
- The Paradiso Terrestre
- Java Jazz Cafe
- Firelake Grill
- Eway’s Grill
- Highlands China Palace
- Sangley Point
- Noveleta Tribunal or Town Hall
- Cañacao Bay
- Bonifacio Trial House
- Cavite City Hall
- Battle of Binakayan Monument
- Emilio Aguinaldo Shrine
- Baldomero Aguinaldo Shrine
- Imus Cathedral
- Don Ladislao Diwa Shrine
- Manila Southwood Manor
- Corregidor Inn
- Tirona Hotel
- Cool Martin Family Resort & Hotel
- Quatro Pasos Resort and Inn
- Splash Suites
- Villa Ibarra
- Mount Sea Resort & Hotel & Restaurant
- Villa Marinelli Hometelle
- Tagaytay Haven Hotel
- Lee Boutique Hotel
- Yellow Coco Tagaytay
- Potter's Ridge Hotel
- Casa de Carlo
- T House Tagaytay
- Windy Ridge Hotel
- Summit Ridge Tagaytay
- Hotel Kimberly Tagaytay
- Amora’s Home
- Tagaytay Wingate Manor
- Quatro Pasos Resort & Inn
- La Bella Tagaytay
- Crosswinds Resort Suites
- Knights Ko Suites Hotel
- The Q Hotel
- Hotel de Dasmariñas
- Hotel de Gloria
- Mount Marami
- Mount Pico de Loro
- Mount Sungay
- Mount Nagpatong
- Puzzle Mansion
- Museo De La Salle
- Aguinaldo Shrine & Museum
- Museo Orlina
- The District - Imus
- SM Dasmariñas
- SM Trece Martires
The residential boom in Cavite is complemented by various residential developments, and Crown Asia considers the province as its bulwark. It has ten (10) Horizontal Projects in Cavite, namely Amalfi at The Island Park, Amici, Augustine Grove, Caribe at the Island Park, Carmel, Citta Italia, Ponticelli, Vita Toscana, Vittoria, and Vivace.
These are premium residential communities with ready for occupancy (RFO) units that you can move into now specifically located in Imus, Bacoor, Dasmariñas, and Daang Hari.
While Caribe at the Island Park primarily sells lot properties in Dasmariñas.