How Encumbrances Affect the Value of a Property

By: Jesse Manalang

When considering the value of a property in the dynamic world of real estate, various factors come into play. Each factor determines the total value of a piece of real estate, from location and size to condition and amenities, such as a subdivision along Daang Hari. However, there is another key factor that can remarkably affect a property’s value that can be overlooked by potential buyers and investors.

What Is an Encumbrance?

Encumbrances refer to legal claims or restrictions that affect the title to the property and limit its use or diminish its marketability. These encumbrances can vary widely, encompassing everything from liens and easements to restrictive covenants and zoning regulations against the property. While they may not always be immediately apparent, encumbrances have the potential to influence property value in profound ways. encumbrance is a claim against a property by a party that is not the owner.

an encumbrance is a burden or hindrance on a property’s title, restricting its full ownership rights and affecting its value. These burdens can arise from various sources, including legal obligations, financial claims, or governmental regulations. Encumbrances are typically documented in the property’s official records, ensuring transparency and notifying potential buyers or interested parties about the existing limitations.

What Are the Types of Encumbrances?


There are several types of encumbrances that can affect a property. Here are the most common examples of encumbrance and understand why should I know if a property is encumbered.


A lien is a financial encumbrance that arises when there is an outstanding debt or obligation associated with a property. These can include the mortgage, unpaid taxes, judgment liens, or mechanic’s liens placed on a property. Liens give creditors the right to claim the property if the debt remains unpaid. A tax lien certificate is a claim against property that has a lien placed upon it as a result of unpaid property taxes.


An easement is a real estate concept that defines a scenario in which one party uses the property of another party, where a fee is paid to the property owner in return for the right of easement. Common types of easements include utility easements (granting access to utility companies for maintenance), right-of-way easements (providing access to neighboring properties), or conservation easements (restricting development to preserve natural resources). Easements is being a case in point of non-financial burdens. An encumbrance can also occur with respect to personal property, as opposed to real property.

Restrictive Covenants

Restrictive covenants is an agreement agreements that place restrictions on how a property can be utilized. Architectural guidelines, prohibitions on specific activities, and maintenance requirements are examples of such constraints. In planned communities, homeowner groups, and condominium complexes, restrictive covenants are becoming more common.

Zoning Restrictions

Zoning restrictions are imposed by local governments and define how land can be used within specific geographic areas. Zoning ordinances divide the land into different zones, such as residential, commercial, or industrial, and regulate aspects such as building height, setbacks, density, or permissible uses. Non-compliance with zoning regulations can lead to penalties or restrictions on property use. In some cases, the property can be repossessed by a creditor or seized by a government.


Encroachments occur when a structure or improvement on one property extends beyond its boundary and encroaches upon neighboring property. This can include structures like fences, buildings, or driveways. Encroachments may need to be resolved through legal means or agreements between the affected parties.

Covenants, Conditions, and Restrictions

Covenants, Conditions, and Restrictions are a set of rules and regulations that govern the right to use, maintenance, and management of properties within a particular development or community. They often apply to properties in planned communities, condominiums, or subdivisions and can cover a wide range of issues, including architectural guidelines, common area maintenance, or restrictions on activities just like the subdivision along Daang-Hari.

These are just a few examples of encumbrances that can have consequences on a property. To find and understand any encumbrances that may affect a property of interest, it is critical for buyers to complete due diligence and consult with professionals such as real estate agents or attorneys. Any existing encumbrance is required to be disclosed by the owner of the property to potential buyers.

What Is the Difference Between Incumbrance and Encumbrance?

Encumbrance is another word for incumbrance. Encumbrance is a synonym for incumbrance. There is no distinction between the terms “incumbrance” and “encumbrance.” The correct term is “encumbrance,” which refers to any legal claim, restriction, or burden that affects a property’s title or usage. When addressing real land and property rights, the term “encumbrance” is suitable. “Incumbrance” is just a typo or a less common version of the term “encumbrance.”

What Is an Encumbrance on a Title in the Philippines?

In the Philippines, an encumbrance on title refers to any legal claim, restriction, or burden that affects the ownership or use of the property as documented in its title or land registration documents. It is a recorded entry that indicates the existence of certain rights, interests, or obligations related to the property.

Encumbrances on a title in the Philippines can include various types, such as Liens, Easements, Restrictive Covenants, and Annotations or Notices. It is critical for property buyers or owners in the Philippines to carefully examine the title to look for any encumbrances. A title search and verification with the Register of Deeds or a certified lawyer or real estate expert is often involved in this process. Understanding the encumbrances on a property’s title is essential for making intelligent choices about its acquisition, sale, or use, as well as protecting one’s rights and interests.

What Is the Memorandum of Encumbrances in the Land Title?


A Memorandum of Encumbrance is a document that describes and provides the encumbrances or obligations that exist on a property in the context of land titles. It is an official record or notation made on the land title or Certificate of Title, which is typically maintained by the relevant government authority responsible for the process of land registration.

To summarize, understanding and acknowledging encumbrances is critical in the field of real estate. Stakeholders may manage possible problems, mitigate risks, and make educated decisions that match their real estate goals by taking encumbrances into consideration. Adopting this knowledge enables people to optimize the value and potential of their real estate investments for a volatile and constantly evolving market.

Read more: How Does a Property Increase in Value?

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