Everything You Need to Know About REIT

By: Crown Asia
Everything You Need to Know About REIT

Planning for your first or next investment? Interested in a real estate properties investment that is not a house and lot for sale or a condo for sale? Guess what? We prepared all the details you need to know about real estate investment trust or REIT! Curious? Let us walk you through it!

What are Income Generating Real Estate Investment Trusts?

A firm that owns, manages, or funds income-producing real estate related assets is known as a real estate investment trust (REIT). REITs, which are based on mutual funds, combine the assets of many investors. Individual investors can now benefit from income from real estate investments without being required to invest in, operate, or fund any real estate themselves. REITs often focus on a particular area of real estate like residential house and lot for sale properties or commercial properties. Broad and specialty REITs, on the other hand, could include a variety of various property kinds in their portfolios, such as a REIT that owns both office and retail assets.


Any equities or fixed-income portfolio should take real estate investment trusts (REITs) into account. Greater diversity, perhaps significantly increased returns, and/or reduced overall risk is all things they provide. In brief, they are a great counterpoint to stocks, bonds, and cash since they may produce dividend income in addition to capital growth.

How do they differ from stocks?

A healthy, balanced portfolio might include a wide range of investments. A solid strategy to develop growth over time and reduce risk is to purchase shares of publicly traded assets, such as equities or publicly traded equity REITS. Stocks and real estate investment trusts (REITs) are two examples of investment instruments. While stockholders buy shares in the management of a public business, REIT investors own shares in a trust that controls and owns a portfolio of real estate assets or mortgages.

If you’re curious about which is a better investment when comparing stocks and REITs? Investors should be aware of the distinctions between the two securities and their many similarities. You may assess what stock and REIT allocation best suits your objectives, time frame, and risk tolerance by consulting with a financial professional.


Stocks and REITs may often be bought on trading platforms through a licensed broker. The majority of REITs and stocks have publicly held shares that you may purchase and sell at any time. Stocks and publicly traded REITs are both listed with and regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Both the rates of REITs and stocks have the potential to increase or decrease shareholder value.

Here are some of their differences between a Real Estate Investment Trust REIT and Stocks:

●       REITs are concentrated on real estate investment as the name suggests. As a result, they could be a desirable choice for investors wishing to engage in the real estate market without taking on the risk of owning and maintaining real estate. Individual stocks, however, can be divided into a variety of groups. Stocks provide investors the option to select particular sectors, and even particular businesses, which may or may not be related to real estate.


●       Stocks are personalizable investments. The ability to purchase shares of any publicly listed firm makes stocks an extremely individualized investment. Whenever you want, you may purchase stock in your preferred clothing firm, social networking site, or even a movie theater chain. In contrast, REITs are a grouping of real estate interests. Investors have no control over the investments held by the REIT or their management. Even while some REITs may concentrate on, for example, house and lot for sale properties, residential buildings or business complexes, they don’t provide any more customization.

How do you earn money from Real Estate Investment Trusts?

Like other corporations, REITs require capital. An IPO, or initial public offering, is how a publicly traded REIT (real estate investment trust) accomplishes this. The audience is engaging in the corporation’s income-producing real estate in the same manner as when any other stock is sold to the public. Investors in IPOs are making real estate investments, which are handled similarly to stock portfolios. The REIT is able to purchase, build, and operate real estate thanks to these outside financing sources in order to make money. REITs produce revenue, and 90% of that taxable income must be transferred on a regular basis to the owners. The term “FFO” stands for “funds from operations,” and it refers to the method used to calculate REIT profits.


FFO is described as a measurement of operating earnings from lease and/or sales of premises after subtracting the cost of management and funding by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (NAREIT). Based on universally acknowledged accounting standards (GAAP), the NAREIT calculates net income. Because real estate, which is what REITs deal in, keeps or even improves in value over time, the GAAP calculations’ assumption that asset depreciation is a predictable given instead skews the true measure of a REIT’s income in a negative direction. Depreciation is therefore excluded from the net income when using FFO.

Why invest in a Real Estate Investment Trust?

Aside from purchasing a house and lot for sale property, you should really consider an REIT investment.

Total return investments are REITs. They often provide both substantial dividend yields and the possibility of modest long-term capital growth. The long-term total returns of REIT stocks often outperform lower-risk bonds and are comparable to those of value stocks. Due to the substantial dividend income that REITs offer, they are a worthwhile option for both pension savers and seniors who need a steady income source to cover their living expenditures. Because REITs must yearly distribute at least 90% of their taxable profits to shareholders, their dividend payments are significant. The consistent flow of contractual rent payments made by the occupants of their buildings fuels their profits.


The majority of REITs offer appealing dividends, which is one reason why they have produced strong total gains over the long period. For instance, the ordinary REIT yielded over 3% as of mid-2021, which is more than twice the dividend yield of companies in the S&P 500. Since it accounts for the majority of a REIT’s overall return over the long term, that income accumulates over time. REITs offer appealing dividends because, in order to comply with IRS rules, they are required to share 90% of their taxable revenue. However, because REITs frequently record significant amounts of depreciation each year, their cash flows, as measured by funds from operations (FFO), are frequently significantly greater than net income. As a result, most REITs pay out more than 90% of their taxable income.

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